Econostrum | Toute l'actualité économique en Méditerranée

Les rapports d'EMNES
L’EMNES (Réseau euroméditerranéen pour les études économiques) est un réseau d'instituts de recherche et de groupes de réflexion partenaires et associés opérant dans la région méditerranéenne.

Financial Development and Employment: New Evidence - 04/11/2019

Publié en mai 2019. Rédigé par Rym Ayadi, Sami Ben Naceur, Mohamed Goaied This paper adds to the existing literature on finance and growth, by exploring the effect of finance on the labour market, using data on 143 countries from 1995 to 2015. We also examine whether the impact of financial development on labour is...

EMNES Activity Report 2015-2019 - 15/07/2019

Publié en juillet 2019. Rédigé par Emnes. The Euro-Mediterranean Network for Economic Studies (EMNES) is a collaborative and innovative regional network of economic and policy research institutions and think tanks from 19 countries of the Mediterranean and beyond working towards a renewed vision for socio-economic development...

Policies for labour matching within and between countries in the mediterranean region - 24/06/2019

Publié en juin 2019. Rédigé par Rym Ayadi, Emanuele Sessa The objective of this policy paper is to provide an overview of the current state of affairs in Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco and Tunisia regarding the formulation, implementation and monitoring of labour matching policies.

Policy agenda for an inclusive, job-creating financial development in the southern and eastern mediterranean - 24/06/2019

Publié en juin 2019. Rédigé par Rym Ayadi, Sandra Challita, Willem Pieter de Groen Recent empirical evidence shows that financial development in the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Countries (SEMCs) is lagging behind. The exclusion of a substantial part of households and micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) from...

Institutions and economic performance in the southern mediterranean partner countries - 24/06/2019

Publié en juin 2019. Rédigé par Ahmed Badawi This paper explores the problem of institutional failure in the Southern Mediterranean Partner Countries (SMPC). After reviewing the most recent empirical research on the effect that institutions have on economic performance, including research done in the framework of EMNES, the...

Science, technology and innovation as drivers for economic development in the southern and eastern mediterranean countries: What role for the EU? - 24/06/2019

Publié en juin 2019. Rédigé par Ahmed Badawi, A. Hamid El-Zoheiry This paper provides a critical examination of the cooperation in the field of Science, Technology and Innovation between the European Union and the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Countries. It provides an overview of the main features of this cooperation and...

Global value chains in the euro-mediterranean: becoming the pillar for regional integration - 24/06/2019

Publié en juin 2019. Rédigé par Chahir Zaki The objective of this policy brief is to examine the status of global value chains (GVCs) on the two shores of the Mediterranean and provide some insights on how to enhance regional integration.

Micro, small and medium enterprises in the mediterranean : a policy roadmap to untap the potential for job creation - 17/06/2019

Publié en juin 2019. Rédigé par Rym Ayadi, Rym Mouelhi, Emanuele Sessa, Heba Zaki The objective of this policy brief is to formulate a policy roadmap to untap the potential for employment creation by MSMEs in SEMCs, with a particular focus on Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia – building on the findings of four years of...

Unleashing trade potential in the South and East Mediterranean countries - 12/06/2019

Publié en juin 2019. Rédigé par Myriam Ramzy, Chahir Zaki The objective of this policy paper is twofold. First, it analyses how non-tariff measures (NTMs) became more protectionist than tariffs. Second, it provides some policy options to address NTMs in Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Countries (SEMCs) in order to unleash...

Legal migration pathways across the mediterranean - 10/06/2019

Publié en juin 2019. Rédigé par Cinzia Alcidi, Nadzeya Laurentsyeva, Ahmad Wali Ahmad Yar This policy brief reviews the state of legal migration across the Mediterranean: it examines the existing migration links between the South Med countries and the EU, attempts to uncover the obstacles to legal migration and suggests ways to...

Labour supply, education and migration in south mediterranean countries - 10/06/2019

Publié en juin 2019. Rédigé par Cinzia Alcidi, Nadzeya Laurentsyeva. The analysis of labour supply in South Mediterranean Countries indicates that only a package of long term policies can foster employment creation. The quality of education systems needs to be improved to deliver good employees for companies and, potentially,...

Over education in the tunisian labour market: Characteristics and determinants - 08/04/2019

Publié en avril 2019. Rédigé par Wajdi Kthiri This study analyses the incidence and determinants of over-education amongst workers graduating from Tunisian universities.

The Tunisian Integration into Global Value Chains - 04/02/2019

Publié en février 2019. Rédigé par Iheb Sammoud, Souad Dhaoui This paper focuses on the study of Tunisia’s integration into the global value chains (GVCs) and the role of the offshore regime and foreign direct investment (FDI) in this process.

Female Labour Force Participation and Entrepreneurship: The Missing Pillar for Inclusive and Sustainable Economic Development in MENA? - 01/11/2018

Publié en novembre 2018. Rédigé par Rym Ayadi et Rim Mouelhi Despite substantial investment in women’s education in the MENA region and a significant increase in their educational attainment, women’s labour force participation remains very low. In 2017, Women’s Labour Force Participation (LFP) was averaging 21% in the MENA...

Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on Economic Growth in Morocco - 05/10/2018

Publié en septembre 2018. Rédigé par Soukayna Lakhbiz et Abdelkader Ait El Mekkie This paper aims at analysing the effects of FDI that mostly originate from the EU country partners, on economic growth in Morocco.

Employment Diagnostic Demand Side Analysis: Application for Tunisia - 05/10/2018

Publié en octobre 2018. Rédigé par Sarra Ben Slimane, Moez Ben Tahar The present study offers an employment diagnostic analysis of Tunisia from the demand side. It goes on to address the determinants of demand for supply and cost of labour. The study will span micro and macro aspects of job creation and proposes an inquiry into...

The Impact of Institutional Uncertainty on Employment Generation Perspectives of Firms in Jordan - 04/10/2018

Publié en octobre 2018. Rédigé par Serena Sandri, Nooh Alshyab. Drawing on different traditions of institutional analysis, the present study aims at eliciting the perception of institutional uncertainty amongst private sector decision makers and to assess its effect on job creation perspectives.

Employment Intensity and Sectoral Output Growth: A Comparative Analysis for MENA Economies - 03/10/2018

Publié en octobre 2018. Rédigé par Chahir Zaki, Nooh Alshyab, Mohamed Goaied, Nesreen Seleem. He purpose of this article is to assess the relationship between employment intensity and sectoral output growth, in order to examine whether an economic sector was jobless or created more jobs.

Gender Wage Disparities in Egypt: Evidence from ELMPS 2006 and 2012 - 03/09/2018

Publié en septembre 2018. Rédigé par Marwa Biltagy. His paper focuses on estimating wage differentials between males and females in Egypt to understand the determinants of the gender wage gap.

Do Exports and Innovation Matter for the Demand of Skilled Labor? Evidence from MENA Countries - 05/04/2018

Publié en avril 2018. rédigé par Nora Aboushady, Chahir Zaki The objective of the paper is to test the impact of exports and innovation on the demand of skilled labor in the MENA region using firm-level data. In this matter, our contribution is threefold. First, we examine the connection between exports and skill bias through...

Economic Analysis of Supply Functions, Private Returns to Investment in Education and Skill Mismatch in Egypt - 04/04/2018

Publié en avril 2018. Rédigé par Marwa Biltagy The main objective of this paper is to estimate the demand and supply functions for schooling in Egypt using the data of the Egypt Labour Market Panel Survey 2012. It is concluded that, the number of years of schooling and the family characteristics are the main variables that...

Asset Inequality in MENA – The Missing Dimension? - 02/04/2018

Publié en avril 2018. rédigé par Vladimir Hlasny and Shireen AlAzzawi Wealth must be accounted for as an economic outcome as well as a driver of lifetime opportunities. Since wealth is distributed more widely, and is related positively to income and consumption, overall inequality is likely to exceed inequality measured by...

Skills mismatch and returns to education in Jordan - 01/04/2018

Publié en avril 2018. Rédigé par Nooh Alshyab, Serena Sandri, and Ziad Abu-Lila Education is an investment and its returns, in terms of increased wages, can be used as an indicator of productivity in an economy. Also, skills utilisation is important for productivity and whenever there is a misalignment between the skills...

Growth of Micro, Small and Medium enterprises (MSMEs) in MENA countries: constraints and success factors - 06/03/2018

Publié en mars 2018. Rédigé par Rim Ben Ayed Mouelhi and Monia Ghazali This study attempts to contribute to a better understanding of the main constraints/ boosters for MSME growth in selected countries of the MENA region (Tunisia, Egypt, Morocco and Jordan). A multinomial logit model is used to investigate the impact of a...

On Modelling the Determinants of TFP in the MENA Region: A Macro-Micro Firm-Level Evidence - 05/03/2018

Publié en mars 2018. Rédigé par Nesreen Seleem, Chahir Zaki Using enterprise surveys for MENA countries, this paper estimates total factor productivity (TFP) and examines its determinants.

Financial Development and Inclusion in Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia - 03/03/2018

Publié en mars 2018. Rédigé par Rym Ayadi, Willem Pieter de Groen, Taghreed Hassouba, Chahir Zaki, Nooh Alshyab, Serena Sandri, Idriss Elabbassi, Aziz Ragbi, Said Tounsi, Soumaya Ben Khelifa, Olfa Benouda Sioud, Rania Makni, Dorra Mezzez Hmaied. This study provides a snapshot of the status quo in Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and...

Banking Competition, Convergence and Growth across Macro-Regions of MENA - 02/03/2018

Publié en mars 2018. Rédigé par Samah Issa, Claudia Girardone and Stuart Snaith This paper represents the first study to examine convergence of bank competition in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and the impact of bank market power on growth.  

Job Search Intensity and the Role of Social Networks in Finding a Job in Arab Countries: A Case Study of Algeria and Jordan - 01/03/2018

Publié en mars 2018. Rédigé par Moundir Lassassi, Ibrahim Alhawarin Using nationally representative data from Algeria and Jordan, this paper shows that social networks are crucial in labour market intermediation in Arab countries.

Do Environment Regulations Matter for EU-MENA Trade? - 11/02/2018

Publié en février 2018. Rédigé par Myriam Ramzy, Chahir Zaki This study examines the impact of environmental regulation stringency on agricultural trade between the European Union (EU) and Middle East and North Africa (MENA countries).

Do Institutions Matter for Informal Employment in Jordan, Egypt and Tunisia? - 10/02/2018

Publié en février 2018. Rédigé par Asmaa Ezzat, Hanan Nazier, Racha Ramadan The paper sheds light on the role of institutions, in addition to values and individual characteristics on the likelihood of being informally employed in Jordan, Egypt and Tunisia.  Using the Labour Market Panel Surveys of the three countries, in...
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